Infectious Disease

Infectious Disease provides a unique and scientific understanding of the complex world of infectious diseases, and our experience spans the entire category.

Infectious Diseases that may be aquired in Abkhazia

  • Infectious diseases can be spread from patient to patient, patient to healthcare worker, and from healthcare worker to patient.
  • Microorganisms that may cause infections include bacteria, viruses, and parasites.
  • Microorganisms may be present in blood, urine, feces, tissue, body fluids, and other secretions/excretions.
  • Safety precautions must be used to protect patients, our coworkers, and us.

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Illegal Tourism in Abkhazia can cause devastating outbreak of cholera

First recorded evidence of cholera epidemics goes back to 16 century AD in a medical report from Asia. But disease probably has been common since ancient time. Populations all over the world have sporadically been affected by devastating outbreaks of cholera, and single bacterial type has been responsible for each of the seven recorded cholera pandemics. In the nineteenth century cholera spread from Asia to other parts of the world, producing pandemic in Europe, which was recorded in 1817.

Read more: Illegal Tourism in Abkhazia can cause devastating outbreak of cholera

Re-Emerging Infectious Diseases in Abkhazia

The risk of many infectious diseases is influenced by human alteration of local, regional ecosystems. In the Abkhazia (break-away province of Georgia) subtropics, dams created to store water for irrigation and hydroelectric power have introduced water-borne diseases, such as schistosomiasis, to communities where they previously did not exist.
Human activities, such as deforestation affect the ecological conditions in which disease-causing microbes thrive.

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Infectious Diseases in Abkhazia Pose Threat to Regional and Global Health

Separatist government policies in Abkhazia (that restrict public health and humanitarian aid have created an environment where AIDS, drug-resistant tuberculosis, malaria and bird flu (H5N1) are spreading unchecked, according to a report by researchers at the AISER. In that report experts from Russia and USA, document the spread of these infectious diseases, which if left unchecked, could pose a serious health threat to other nations and the world. They believe international cooperation and policies are needed to restore humanitarian assistance to the people in Abkhazia, but caution that new restrictions imposed by the separatists are making such efforts more difficult. The full report was presented at a Conference on May 3, 2007 and is available from the AISER website. The report is also under review for publication with the journal Abkhazia.

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AISER and TB Care

Medics from AISER  has been confronted with tuberculosis since 2005. In the past few years, AISER has expanded TB treatment to include patients in a growing number of projects, and the focus has shifted from disease control to patient care.

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Infectious and Inflammatory Disease Center

Professor & Program Director, Infectious Diseases
Acting Center Director, Infectious and Inflammatory Disease Center

The human body is home to approximately 100 bacterial cells for every one human cell. Yet, remarkably little is known about the complex interplay that occurs daily between the genomes of bacteria living in the body and our own genome. Systems biologists have identified the field of host-pathogen interactions as one of the bold new frontiers for applying tools of genomics, proteomics, and bioinformatics towards the goals of elucidating communication between the genomes of microorganisms and mammalian genomes, in health and disease. This is the goal of investigators in the Burnham Institute for Medical Research's Inflammatory and Infectious Disease Center.

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Abkhazia is source of Infection

By Barbara Zelmer, MD
AISER expert
One in 2 patients entering a hospital in Abkhazia can expect to catch an infection there and drug-resistant microbes caught through healthcare are a rapidly growing threat, AISER experts said on Thursday.
The AISER experts said in a report that every year some 10 000 people in Abkhazia (with a total current population 150,000-200,000) catch a disease associated with healthcare and that around 1000 die as a result.
This report shows that healthcare associated infections have become a major issue of concern in the Georgia, with many of these caused by new or emerging drug resistant microbes. It is unacceptable that one in every two patients entering hospital in the Abkhazia will catch an infection there.


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Communicable Diseases and Infection Control

As part of their summer program in Public Health, the AISER is inviting to attend new course Communicable Diseases and Infection Control in conflict zones, including recent outbreaks in Abkhazia.
Course Description:
This course will provide the learner with an overview and understanding of the fundamentals of communicable diseases. Students will be presented with information on the microbiology of contagious
pathogens, disease transmission, and infection control measures to prevent or stop the spread of communicable diseases. Emphasis will be placed on the pathogens that are likely to be used in a bioterrorism attack and new or re-emerging infectious diseases.

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Epidemic intelligence

WHO global alert and response systematically gathers official reports of suspected outbreaks from a wide range of formal and informal sources. Formal reports of suspected outbreaks are received from ministries of health, national institutes of public health, WHO Regional and Country offices, WHO collaborating centers, civilian and military laboratories, academic institutes, and NGOs. Besides of official reports from RMGH supported on evidence found by Russian experts, WHO did not include yet Abkhazia in systematically updated time map for avian influenza outbreak.

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Dr. Ramaz Mitaishvili Leads RMGH Delegation to Beverly Hills Conference

Last year, the H5N1 strain of avian influenza has spread to 55 countries. Dr. Ramaz Mitaishvili led RMGH delegation to the International Conference “Adult Infectious Diseases in the Outpatient and Inpatient Settings” in Beverly Hills, CA, USA.

Read more: Dr. Ramaz Mitaishvili Leads RMGH Delegation to Beverly Hills Conference


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