This research is designed to provide basic science training relevant to specialty areas of pediatrics, and to prepare entry-level young faculty for research careers in academic pediatrics. Physicians presently in pediatric residency who wish fellowship training in basic science disciplines or in statistics, informatics or health policy
The association between maternal smoking, or exposure to smoke, and sudden infant death syndrome (SIDS) appears to be the result of nicotine exposure, which impairs chromaffin cells' ability to detect and respond to oxygen deprivation, the results of an animal study suggest.
Risk for sudden infant death syndrome (SIDS) is 69 times higher for babies of HIV-positive women who used opiates during pregnancy than in the general population of similarly aged infants, Swiss researchers report in the November issue of the Archives of the Disease in Childhood.
Increased SIDS risk did not appear to be mediated by prematurity, low birth weight, perinatal HIV infection or antiretroviral drug exposure, according to Dr. Christian Kind and colleagues at Ostschweizer Kinderspital in St. Gallen.
Interruption of major salivary ducts using vascular clips controls saliva and improves quality of life in neurologically challenged children, according to a report in the May issue of the Archives of Otolaryngology--Head and Neck Surgery.
Acne vulgaris can represent a therapeutic challenge in terms of managing ongoing symptoms and preventing scar formation. While the copious variations of available treatments address milder forms of the disease, until recently, therapies for resistant or moderate-to-severe forms were limited to systemic agents that were accompanied by potentially severe side-effects. With the addition of lasers, light sources, and aminolevulinic acid-photodynamic therapy (ALA-PDT) therapies, dermatologists may now have viable new alternatives for treating all grades of acne severity that circumvent the negative side-effects associated with many conventional options.
BIBLIOGRAPHIC SOURCE(S) Michigan Quality Improvement Consortium. Acute pharyngitis in children. Southfield (MI): Michigan Quality Improvement Consortium; 2004 Apr. 1 p. GUIDELINE STATUS Note: This guideline has been updated. The National Guideline Clearinghouse (NGC) is working to update this summary. RECOMMENDATIONS MAJOR RECOMMENDATIONS Note: This guideline has been updated. The National Guideline Clearinghouse (NGC) is working to update this summary. The recommendations that follow are based on the previous version of the guideline.